Tafseer Surah Yasin Ibnu Kathir (11): The Disbelievers thought that the Day of Resurrection would never come to pass

Tafseer Ibnu Kathir Surah Yasin (11)

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Allah tells us how the disbelievers thought that the Day of Resurrection
would never come to pass, as they said:
﴿مَتَى هَـذَا

(“When will this promise be fulfilled…”)
﴿يَسْتَعْجِلُ بِهَا
الَّذِينَ لاَ يُؤْمِنُونَ بِهَا﴾

(Those who believe not therein seek to hasten it) (42:18). Allah says:
﴿مَا يَنظُرُونَ
إِلاَّ صَيْحَةً وَحِدَةً تَأُخُذُهُمْ وَهُمْ يَخِصِّمُونَ ﴾

(They await only but a single Sayhah which will seize them while they are
disputing!) meaning, they are only waiting for a single shout which — and Allah
knows best — will be the trumpet blast of terror when the Trumpet will be blown
while the people are in their marketplaces and places of work, arguing and
disputing as they usually do. While in this state, Allah will command Israfil to
blow into the Trumpet, so he will sound a long note and there will be no one
left on the face of the earth except he will tilt his head to listen to the
sound coming from heaven. Then the people who are alive will be driven to the
gathering place by a fire which will surround them on all sides. Allah says:
يَسْتَطِيعُونَ تَوْصِيَةً﴾

(Then they will not be able to make bequest, ) meaning, with regard to their
possessions, because the matter is more serious than that,
﴿وَلاَ إِلَى
أَهْلِهِمْ يَرْجِعُونَ﴾

(nor they will return to their family.) Numerous Hadiths and reports have
been narrated about this, which we have mentioned elsewhere. After this there
will be the Trumpet blast which will cause everyone who is alive to die, besides
the One Who is Ever Living, Eternal. Then after that the trumpet blast of the
resurrection will be sounded.
﴿وَنُفِخَ فِى
الصُّورِ فَإِذَا هُم مِّنَ الاٌّجْدَاثِ إِلَى رَبِّهِمْ يَنسِلُونَ – قَالُواْ
يوَيْلَنَا مَن بَعَثَنَا مِن مَّرْقَدِنَا هَذَا مَا وَعَدَ الرَّحْمـنُ وَصَدَقَ
الْمُرْسَلُونَ – إِن كَانَتْ إِلاَّ صَيْحَةً وَحِدَةً فَإِذَا هُمْ جَمِيعٌ
لَّدَيْنَا مُحْضَرُونَ – فَالْيَوْمَ لاَ تُظْلَمُ نَفْسٌ شَيْئاً وَلاَ
تُجْزَوْنَ إِلاَّ مَا كُنْتُمْ تَعْمَلُونَ ﴾

(51. And the Trumpet will be blown and behold from the graves they will come
out quickly to their Lord.) (52. They will say: “Woe to us! Who has raised us up
from our place of sleep.” (It will be said to them): “This is what the Most
Gracious had promised, and the Messengers spoke truth!”) (53. It will be but a
single Sayhah, so behold they will all be brought up before Us!) (54. This Day,
none will be wronged in anything, nor will you be requited anything except that
which you used to do.)